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The Cultures of Colonial North America 1700 - 1780

 

North American Regions

       Indian America

        The Spanish Borderlands

History and the Land

       The French Crescent

        New England

        The Middle Colonies

        The Backcountry

        The South

        Traditional Culture in the New World

        The Frontier Heritage

The Cultural Transformation of British North America

        The Enlightenment Challenge

        A Decline in Religious Devotion

        The Great Awakening

        Great Awakening Politics

 

Maps

 

Images

 

Vocabulary

Homogeneity

Pluralism

Albion

Schuylkill

Appalachian

Presidios

Homogeneous

Solidarity

Arminianism

Enlightenment

Epidemic

Revival

Diversity

Sovereignty

Decadence

 

People and Events

Roger Williams

Toleration Act

Robert Walpole

Cardinal Richelieu

Cotton Mather

Great Awakening

Benjamin Franklin

George Whitefield

Calvinism

John Locke

William Tennent

Encomienda

Quakers

Jesuit

French Crescent

 

 

Review Questions

  1. What were the principal colonial regions of North America? Discuss their similarities and their differences. Contrast the development of their political systems

  2. Why did the Spanish and the French close their colonies to immigration? Why did the British open theirs? How do you explain the ethnic homogeneity of New England and the ethnic pluralism of New York and Pennsylvania?

  3. What were the principal trends in the history of Indian America in the eighteenth century?

  4. Discuss the development of class differences in the Spanish, French, and British colonies in the eighteenth century.

  5. Discuss the effects of the Great Awakening on the subsequent history of the British colonies.

 

Recommended Reading

Edward Countryman, Americans: A Collision of Histories (1996).

John Demos, The Unredeemed Captive: A Family Story from Early America (1994).

W. J. Eccles, The Canadian Frontier, 1534 - 1760 (1983).

David Hackett Fischer, Albion's Seed: Four British Folkways in America (1990).

Jack P. Greene, Pursuits of Happiness: The Social Development of Early Modern British Colonies and the Formation of American Culture (1986).

James A. Henretta and Gregory H. Nobles, Evolution and Revolution: American Society, 1600 - 1820 (1987).

Jackson Turner Main, The Social Structure of Revolutionary America (1965).

Colon McEvedy, The Penguin Atlas of North American History to 1870 (1988).

D. W. Meinig, The Shaping of America: Atlantic America, 1492 - 1800 (1986).

David J. Weber, The Spanish Frontier in North America (1992).

Robert Wells, The Population of the British Colonies in America before 1776 (1975).

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